The failure to integrate Kashmir into India in 1947 was a dangerous weakness and division at the beginning of the Indian state after independence. India became a nation based on compromise, delay, hesitation and guilt – an excess of pity or false compassion , It questioned India's unity and ability to defend its borders.
This cashmere compromise became the basis for every type of separatist movement and special status that was demanded for each group. The inability to dissolve Kashmir justified dividing the country by religion, region, or caste and the associated voting banks that India's politicians would provide for election wins.
You could say that India's Arjuna spirit didn't emerge in 1947 and wasn't up to the challenge of modernity. He fell into depression and self-denial and did not seek victory. This was not because of the army, but because of political and diplomatic constraints. The stalemate in Kashmir was associated with the denial of India's greater identity as Bharat by the Nehruvian intelligentsia, whose views became increasingly Marxist and in line with the radical left, not with the Dharmic legacy of India. Compassion for Kashmir and an apology from the Kashmiri separatists were embedded in the Indian academy and in the media.
The Indian government provided security and money to the separatist Kashmiri leaders to protect them. Kashmiris were given the right to own property and do business across India, which they did to their advantage, while other Indians could only come to Kashmir as tourists. In other words, Kashmiris had full citizenship rights across India, but Indians outside of Kashmir had no comparable rights in Kashmir.
Increasing danger over the decades
The fact that the Kashmir question remained unsolved for decades only increased violence, division and outside interference, and Kashmir became the basis for Pakistan's ongoing proxy war against India. However, beyond its deception in Kashmir, Pakistan has become the epicenter of global terrorism, for which Indian Kashmir was the next target.
Even India's great victory in the Bangladesh war of 1971 under Indira Gandhi and the division of Pakistan did not lead to the reintegration of Kashmir, but to the maintenance of the older status quo. If Pakistan had won a war with India, it would surely have struck all of Kashmir without hesitation or excuses.
In 1989/90, violent separatists drove the Kashmiri pandits out of Kashmir, which can only be described as massive ethnic cleansing, and killed many of their leaders. But the then prime minister, Vice President Singh, did not change the status of Kashmir by trying to downplay or ignore the event, which is still rarely recognized by the media today.
Such signs of hesitation and compromise on the part of the Indian state have not alleviated the problem, but made it worse, like an ongoing festering wound that infects the body as a whole, with the continuing attacks on the Pakistani border and control line against the army covering the infiltration of trained terrorists in cashmere.
2019 – A big and sudden change
The continued negative impact of Indian cashmere politics since 1947 is why 2019 and the end of Kashmir's special status and autonomy are so important.
India's new Kashmiri policy reflects the spirit of Arjuna that arises in the Indian people, in their political parties, and above all in their national identity and determination. It is an end to false compassion and the realization that a compromised state cannot be successful, strong, or have respect.
The resistance from foreign governments has so far been surprisingly low. Countries such as the United States, Russia and the United Arab Emirates have accepted India's rights over Kashmir as an internal matter. China is concerned about Ladakh, but ambivalent about Pakistan. Pakistan has received no significant diplomatic support for its anti-Indian views.
India's new Kashmiri policy is radically changing India's perception on the global stage from a country that is hesitant and fluctuating, to a country that is determined and united, and does not tolerate the forces of dissolution. Kashmir's reintegration brings dismay and disorder to the country's other divisions and their political, media and academic followers.
The national popularity of the move far exceeded all expectations. The strategic planning of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Interior Minister Amit Shah was brilliant, clever and outwitted everyone.
India is no longer a weak and apologetic state that can be bullied by forces outside or inside the country. India is a strong unitary nation that only has to face its own civilizing fate. India's Rashtra Dharma has returned, which represents its true and complete independence.
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, completely unprepared for the event, can only complain and try to report on anti-Indian media sources while being questioned about lack of foresight in his own country.
Meanwhile, the Congress Party, reflecting the failed policy in Kashmir launched in 1947, has rejected the new policy in Kashmir and reflected Pakistan's views, although some of its leaders, such as Jyotiraditya Scindia, have supported the BJP on this issue and questioned the party's judgment.
The overwhelming success of the new politics in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha with landslides in their favor shows the fundamental change in Indian politics.
Really, it's a new India and a new cashmere together. There is no going back.
(Disclaimer: The opinions expressed above are the personal views of the author and do not reflect the views of ZMCL.)