More people survive lung cancer in the US UU., According to a report

0
70
<pre><pre>More people survive lung cancer in the US UU., According to a report

However, lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer death throughout the country, and your chances of surviving lung cancer can vary dramatically depending on where you live.

The "Lung Cancer Status" report of the American Lung Association, published on Wednesday, found that the national incidence rate of lung cancer between 2012 and 2016 was 59.6 cases per 100,000 people. Those rates vary by state, from 27.1 in Utah to 92.6 in Kentucky.

The five-year survival rate for lung cancer, which was 21.7% nationwide, also varied by state, from 26.4% in Connecticut to 16.8% in Alabama, according to the report.

Experts have long known that early detection of lung cancer can improve the chances of survival, but it was also discovered that the stage at which someone is diagnosed with lung cancer varies significantly according to the state. The report found that the early diagnosis rate was higher for Wyoming, with 28.1%, and lower for Alaska, with 16.6%.

"Most cases are only detected at a very late stage. There are no symptoms until it is too late and very developed," said Zach Jump, national director of epidemiology and statistics at the American Lung Association.

"If you are diagnosed at an early stage, which are very few people, the tumor is often limited, has not spread and at that time, you are often eligible for surgery where they can cut it and it is essentially curative." he said. "The difference between an early diagnosis and a late diagnosis is a five-fold survival rate."

He added that one of the "key messages" in the report is that people at high risk talk to their health care provider about screening.

The US Preventive Services Task Force UU. Recommends annual lung cancer screening for current or former smokers with a history of 30 or more years of smoking, which means that they smoked one package per day for 30 years or two packages per day for 15 years. These recommendations are for adults, aged 55 to 80, who currently smoke or quit smoking in the last 15 years.

According to the report, the detection rates among adults with "high risk" were only 4.2% nationwide. Detection rates among this group ranged from 12.3% in Massachusetts to 0.5% in Nevada.

The report was based on data from the American Association of Central Cancer Registries; the Surveillance, Epidemiology and Final Results Program of the National Cancer Institute; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the USA. UU.

"The report found that lung cancer rates for each measure vary significantly by state, and that each state can do more to beat lung cancer, such as increasing the detection rate among those at high risk, addressing disparities in receiving the treatment, reducing exposure to radon and secondhand smoke and eliminating tobacco use, "the researchers wrote in the report.

"This report provides unique information for state officials, policy makers, researchers and people affected by lung cancer and emphasizes the need for resources and measures to reduce the cost of lung cancer across the country."