Although women in the US still earn less than men when they do the same job, they have taken the lead in another important job on the job market: most jobs in the US are now filled by women.
The proportion of women receiving a paycheck was over 50%, according to the Department of Labor on Friday in December. Without taking farmers and the self-employed into account, women briefly exceeded this threshold at work when the economy recovered from the housing accident and millions of men left the job market. However, experts believe that the gender shift will continue this time as women dominate the rapidly growing service industries such as healthcare.
"While women were briefly more than half of the workforce in the Great Recession, this was due to the massive loss of jobs in the male-dominated construction and manufacturing sector," said economist Dean Baker from the Center for Economic and Political Research in one note, "This increase is likely to be permanent."
There are still many more working men than working women (84 to 75 million), but men are more likely to be self-employed.
This is largely due to the fact that women play an overwhelming role in education and healthcare and fulfill more than three quarters of these roles. Elise Gould of the Economic Policy Institute notes that construction and manufacturing companies have created 356,000 jobs in the past two years. But education and health created more than 600,000 jobs during this period.
"Since 2010, both women's and men's employment has increased, with male employment growing faster than women initially. In recent years, women's employment has grown somewhat faster than that of men," she said in an analysis of December job data.
Remarkably, women are also a growing force in the work traditionally done by men. For example, women held almost 14% of the mining and logging jobs a year earlier.
And more and more manufacturing jobs are occupied by women, who now hold almost a third of the transport and storage positions, as the data showed.
"Women work where jobs grow," tweeted Betsey Stevenson, a professor at the University of Michigan and former advisor to President Barack Obama through the Council of Economic Advisers.
For many women it is necessary to find new ways to work. That's becauseAccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of jobs traditionally filled by women, such as secretaries and administrative assistants, is expected to decrease over the next few years as companies replace workers with software and other technologies.