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US President Donald Trump begins his first official visit to India last year under his presidency. This is the eighth visit by a seated U.S. President and the ninth meeting between Modi and Trump. Four of these meetings took place last year, including the "Howdy Modi!" Event in Texas. This visit takes place in a time of great contradictions. India and the United States are strategic partners, and Washington is New Delhi's second largest arms supplier. However, the two sides are in the middle of a trade war. Trump has targeted the trade deficit with India to open up the Indian market. The Modi government retaliated with tariffs. Although a new trade agreement has so far eluded both sides, this reality is likely to be overshadowed by the two leaders who are holding a "Namaste Trump" rally at the world's largest cricket stadium in Motera, Ahmedabad.

TRUMPS TRAVEL

ABOUT THE POND

Indians in the United States

  • In 2010 there were 1.78 million Indians in the United States. By 2018, that number had increased to 2.65 million – an increase of 49 percent
  • As of July 1, 2018, Indians made up 5.9 percent of the foreign-born population in the U.S., but made up less than 1 percent of the total population

The Indian-American vote

  • According to the Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund, 84 percent of the Indian-American population voted for Hillary Clinton and 14 percent for Donald Trump in 2016. According to the Asian American Voter Survey, Trump had an approval rate of 28 percent among the Indians registered for voting in 2018

What you want

  • Jobs. Many Native Americans rely on the H-1B Visa program, which allows 85,000 foreigners to travel to the United States to work in "special jobs". According to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Indian aborigines accounted for 75 percent of approved H-1B applications in 2017

THE POTUS

  • Donald Trump was born on June 14, 1946 in New York, the fourth of five children
  • He was educated at the New York Military Academy and then at the University of Pennsylvania and graduated from the Wharton School of Finance in 1968
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, Trump worked in the real estate and casino business. In 2004 he began to appear on the reality TV show The Apprentice, the source of his widely recognized catchphrase: "You're fired!"
  • In 2005 he married Melania Knauss, his third wife. He was previously married to Ivana Winklmayr from 1977 to 1992 and to Marla Maples from 1993 to 1996

Illustration by Siddhant Jumde

  • Trump has five children – Donald Jr., Ivanka and Eric from his first marriage, Tiffany from his second and Barron from his third.
  • Trump co-authored several books, including the bestseller The Art of the Deal (1987). Forbes estimates that his net worth in September 2019 was $ 3.1 billion
  • On June 16, 2015, Trump announced that he would run for the President of the United States. In May 2016, he was announced as a Republican candidate. On November 8, 2016, he won the American electoral college and defeated democratic candidate Hilary Clinton – even though he lost the referendum by almost 3 million
  • Trump was sworn into office on January 20, 2017, making him the oldest person to become president for the first time, and the richest

THE FLOTUS

  • The Slovenian supermodel Melania Trump (née Knauss) was born on April 26, 1970
  • Melania and Donald Trump first met at the Kit Kat Club in New York in 1998. Seven years later, she would become his third wife
  • She is only the second FLOTUS (First Lady of the United States) to be born outside the United States and was the first to be naturalized and became a US citizen in 2006

Illustration by Siddhant Jumde

  • Like other first ladies, she uses her office to support a social cause. Her campaign “Be Best” focuses on the well-being of young people and works against cyberbullying and drug use. However, she was also criticized for not continuing this campaign in the White House. Her husband Donald has been widely accused of bullying himself online
  • She speaks six languages: Slovenian, French, Serbian, German, Italian and English

Those who came before

INDIA-US KEY QUESTIONS

trade matters

  • In the past two years, as India bought more crude oil and LNG from the United States, the trade gap has narrowed from $ 22 billion in 2016-17 to about $ 17 billion in the current fiscal year
  • India exports $ 52.4 billion worth of goods to the United States, which is about 16 percent of its total exports. American goods make up 6.9 percent of Indian imports and make up around $ 35.5 billion. In addition, Indian travelers spend $ 16 billion in the United States. New Delhi has asked that this expenditure be considered part of tourism exports
  • New Delhi is also in the crossfire between Washington and Beijing on various fronts. This includes Washington's stance at the World Trade Organization ministerial conference in Buenos Aires, which refuses to grant different tariffs to India and China. The unilateral withdrawal of the generalized system of preferences from India and other countries followed. New Delhi was a major beneficiary of this system in 2017. Exports to the U.S. worth $ 5.7 billion were classified as duty free

Flash points

  • On February 11, India classified certain medical devices for human-like stents and knee implants as "essential goods" and gave it the right to set price caps. This affected the business of the US medical device manufacturers and caused friction
  • In June 2019, India retaliated against ending its APS rights by increasing tariffs on 28 U.S. products, including walnuts, grams, legumes, and prawns
  • India has pushed e-commerce companies funded by foreign direct investment to abandon "inventory-based" business models, with financial ramifications for U.S. e-tail titans Amazon and Walmart (via flipkart).
  • In April 2018, RBI issued a circular instructing payment system providers to store all payment-related data only in India. Mastercard and Visa were the hardest hit. India is also pushing for the Rupay parallel payment gateway, which will further burden US business
  • India has rejected a US request to allow the import of milk products from animals fed "animal blood meal" for religious / cultural reasons. This disqualifies many U.S. dairy products
  • India was forced to withdraw from its commitments to Iranian oil companies after the Trump administration imposed sanctions on Iran. Alternative options like Saudi Arabian oil are more expensive

DEFENSE

  • The United States is India's second largest defense supplier. India's military is doing more exercises than with any other country
  • Since 2016, India has been an "important US defense partner" that provides access to classified US technology
  • Two agreements to improve interoperability – the memorandum of understanding for the logistics exchange and the agreement on communication compatibility and security – were signed. A third, the basic exchange and cooperation agreement, has yet to be signed
  • India is conducting more military exercises with the United States than with any other country
  • India and the U.S. launched their first tri-service exercise, code-named "Tiger Triumph" in 2019
  • From 2006 to 2019, deals worth $ 15 billion were closed. Plans for planes, drones, missiles, cannon ships and naval guns worth $ 10 billion are currently being prepared

Ties that tie

  • Indo-American defense cooperation has come a long way in the past three decades – from staying in opposite camps during the Cold War to closing strategic partners with multiple areas of convergence
  • There are more than 50 bilateral dialogue mechanisms between India and the United States
  • A hotline was established in 2016 that connects the Indian Prime Minister's office to the United States White House
  • India holds two plus two meetings annually between its foreign and defense ministers and their American counterparts. The United States is only the second country with which India is conducting such a dialogue
  • Strategic and commercial dialogue meetings were held at the level of the Secretary of State and the Secretary of State between India and the United States
  • In 2018, the United States granted India the "Strategic Trade Approval". India is the third Asian country after Japan and South Korea to receive it

MINDS MEETINGS

June 26, 2017: White House, Washington D.C .: The first meeting of Modi and Trump. India and the United States publish a declaration on shared values. With the support of the United States, India rejects the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative

November 13, 2017: ASEAN Summit, Manila: Modi and Trump discuss geostrategic interests in the Indo-Pacific arena and free trade

December 1, 2018: G20 Summit, Buenos Aires: Modi takes part in the first trilateral meeting with Japanese Prime Ministers Shinzo Abe and Trump

June 28, 2019: G-20 Summit, Osaka: Trump and Modi Discuss 5G, Defense, and Trade. Before the meeting, Trump urged India to withdraw "unacceptably high tariffs."

August 26, 2019: G-7 summit, Biarritz, France: Trump said he spoke with Modi about Kashmir and offers to mediate with Pakistan. India rejects the offer

September 22, 2019: "Howdy, Modi!", Texas: Trump and Modi speak to 50,000 Indians. Modi makes a strong pitch against terrorism. Trump describes it as "aggressive" but very well received

September 24, 2019: UN General Assembly, New York: Trump and Modi meet on the sidelines of the UNGA. Trump says Modi will take care of radical Islamic terrorism

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