The fallow season

<pre><pre>Who is (not) a citizen?

Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman has tried to combine the fate of the unfortunate Indian farmer by linking agriculture in the 2020 budget with "ambitious India" and introducing new concepts such as "Krishi Udaan", "Kisan Rail" and "Bharat Net" to market liberalization , The 16-point action plan to revive agriculture in the 2020 budget offers some good news to farmers. With an allocation of 2.83 billion rupees and a renewed focus on contract farming, land leasing, animal husbandry and marketing as well as government support for fishing, milk production, apiary and animal husbandry, the Indian farmer is to become competitive. Critics argue, however, that the agricultural budget is inadequate since PM-Kisan's payout to farmers has not been increased – the announcement of rupees 6,000 elections to each farmer in 2019. Due to cuts in MNREGA, PM-AASHA (a roof system to address procurement gaps and MSPs) and drastically reduce fertilizer subsidies, the big promise of doubling farm incomes in five years seems difficult. While agricultural allotment may have increased, rural incomes and wages have decreased.

Sitharaman announced support for key government reforms. "We will encourage states that implement the following laws: the Model Law on Leasing of Agricultural Land (2016), the Model Law on Marketing of Agricultural Products and Farm Animals (2017) and the Model Law on Agriculture and Services (Promotion and Facilitation) ( 2018), "she said. Ashok Dalwai, Secretary, Agriculture and Chairman of the Agricultural Income Doubling Committee (DFI), said: "The announcements are fully in line with the DFI report. Income generation must go beyond crops. All four subsets of agriculture and horticulture , Cattle breeding, fishing and arable crops were covered here. "

But do market reforms alone generate income for farmers? Unlikely, says agricultural expert Devinder Sharma. "The budgetary expectation was that more money would end up in the hands of farmers, which in turn would lead to greater demand for rural areas. Greater demand for rural areas would lead to more consumption and boost GDP. That was the surest way to get out of a slowdown. " he is arguing.

As for the MNREGA cut critics, they are 13 percentage points in the 2020 budget compared to 2019. A former Agriculture Minister said: "Critics incorrectly compared the revised estimates (RE) of fiscal 19 with the budget estimates (BE). Experience over the past six years shows that the RE has always been higher than the BE. When there is a need for work, the NDA government has always increased spending on MNREGA and other related programs for the rural poor. "

To combat the water crisis, the Jal Shakti Abhiyan campaign (water conservation campaign) focuses on 100 water stressed areas in wet countries across the country (313 blocks were found in countries like Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and others, while 1,186 blocks are overused.

Ajay Vir Jakhar, chairman of Bharat Krishak Samaj, says the link between entitlement and agriculture may sound new, but the truth is today: "Agriculture is nobody's claim. All farmers strive for jobs outside of agriculture." The allocation did not increase in real terms either, since it only kept pace with inflation, he adds. He also points to other contradictions such as the expansion of PM-KUSUM, while the money made available for solar modules has been reduced in the budget. So is there a chance to double farm income? "No, the allocation of funds is not in line with the intention. The truth is that the bureaucracy is misleading the Ministry of Finance. The necessary steps to double farm income are simply not available," said Jakhar.

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